Ideal answer to — who establishes post offices federal or state?

The establishment of post offices is the responsibility of the federal government in the United States.

Detailed answer question

Title: The Establishment of Post Offices: A Federal Responsibility


As an expert in the field, I can confidently state that the responsibility of establishing post offices in the United States falls under the purview of the federal government. This crucial infrastructure plays a vital role in facilitating communication and commerce, connecting communities across the nation. In this article, I will delve into the specific details regarding the establishment of post offices, provide a quote on the topic, and present a list of interesting facts to enhance your understanding.


  1. Federal Responsibility:

The establishment and maintenance of post offices are constitutionally assigned to the federal government, which is clearly outlined in Article I, Section 8 of the United States Constitution. This provision grants Congress the power “To establish Post Offices and post Roads.” Hence, the responsibility for the formation and regulation of the postal service lies firmly with the federal government.

  1. Historical Perspective:

The need for a structured postal system in the United States was recognized early on, with the Continental Congress establishing the first national post office on July 26, 1775. Benjamin Franklin was appointed as the first Postmaster General—an office that has since evolved and continues to exist today. The Postal Reorganization Act of 1970 transformed the United States Post Office Department into the United States Postal Service (USPS), a financially independent agency within the federal government.

  1. USPS Operations:

The USPS operates over 31,000 post offices across the country, making it one of the largest retail networks in the nation. It handles an enormous volume of mail, delivering to approximately 160 million addresses nationwide. The USPS offers various services, including mail and package delivery, money orders, and postal banking in certain locations.

  1. Quote:
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“Letters are among the most significant memorial a person can leave behind them.” – Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

  1. Interesting Facts:

a) The first stamp issued by the USPS was the 5-cent Franklin stamp in 1847.
b) The Pony Express, an iconic mail delivery service, operated from 1860 to 1861, covering a distance of approximately 1,900 miles in just ten days.
c) The USPS introduced ZIP codes in 1963 to facilitate a more efficient mail sorting and delivery system.
d) In 1971, the USPS inaugurated the Registered Mail service, providing a secure method for transmitting valuable or important items.


In conclusion, according to the United States Constitution, the establishment of post offices is unequivocally the responsibility of the federal government. The USPS, as the designated agency, plays a crucial role in providing postal services to Americans across the nation. As Johann Wolfgang von Goethe aptly stated, letters are a significant means of communication, and the establishment and functioning of post offices ensure the preservation of this vital aspect of our society.

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[The Congress shall have Power . . . ] To establish Post Offices and post Roads; . . .

The correct answer is option “B”. The power to establish post offices and post roads is held at the Federal level, as it is stated in the Article I, Section 8, Clause 7 of the US Constitution, and it is also known as the Postal Clause or the Postal Power. By means of this article, the Congress has the power to establish post offices and designate post roads or mail routes to carry, deliver, and regulate the mails of the United States as a whole.

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The United States Postal Service (USPS) has a rich history dating back to the early colonial times in the 1600s. Benjamin Franklin played a significant role in improving the colonial mail service, connecting the fragmented colonies and speeding up deliveries. The USPS became an integral part of the new government after the Continental Congress turned the Constitutional post into the post office of the United States. Over the years, the USPS evolved and adapted to changing transportation methods, expanding its services and improving accessibility and quality. It played a crucial role in connecting scattered settlements and territories as the country expanded westward. The USPS also played a vital role during times of war, such as World War II. Today, the USPS continues to provide essential mail services, including mail delivery through a range of transportation methods and facilitating voting by mail. The USPS’s history is preserved at the Smithsonian National Postal Museum, highlighting the transportation methods used throughout the years.

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You will probably be interested in these topics as well

In this regard, Who is responsible for establish Post Offices?
When the Constitution was ratified in 1789, the Postal Clause in Article I, Section 8 gave Congress the power "To establish Post Offices and post Roads" and “To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper” for executing this task.

Similarly one may ask, Is the post office part of the federal government?
The Post Office Department was created in 1792 and became a Cabinet department in 1872. In 1971, Congress replaced the Department with the United States Postal Service, an independent entity within the executive branch.

Beside above, What part of Congress establishes Post Offices? Response: Section 8 Enumerated Powers
To establish Post Offices and post Roads; ArtI.

Regarding this, Why does the federal government have the power to establish a post office? Response to this: In Article I, Section 8, the Constitution gave Congress the ability “To establish Post Offices and post Roads.” That means it not only does Congress have the power to create a postal system, it had the ability to acquire and control the land for the “post roads” to carry the mail and the buildings needed to maintain

Topic addition

Did you know that, The Postal Clause was added to the Constitution primarily to facilitate interstate communication, as well as to create a source of revenue for the early United States. [1] [2] There were some early disagreements as to the boundaries of the Postal Power.
And did you know: The Postal Clause served two purposes. First, it helped give effect to the aspiration in the Preamble of “form [ing] a more perfect Union” by improving interstate communications. Second, it provided a needed source of revenue for the young government. Ironically, the Postal Service became a financial liability even before the Internet, and is likely to remain such.
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